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Hum 3: Film Principles
Fr. Rene C. Ocampo, SJ/Bong S. Eliab
Second Semester, 2001-2002
Humanities Division
School of Arts and Sciences
Ateneo de Davao University

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Consider a person walking, while being filmed. Although the camera keeps the human figure in the frame, the remaining of the environment changes. This is mobile framing. Camera movement allows an audience to know more about a frame. In an establishing shot, the audience may be introduced to an environment before characters appear. If characters are already in the shot, we shall know more about their surrounds. Movement also helps us in our sense of enquiry. We wish to know as much as possible of the surroundings, so movement is very important in recreating realism.

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Element Camera Movement
Pan Rotates on its own axis, giving a panoramic view.
Tilt Moves up and down on its own axis.
Tracking Moves around in any direction on ground.
Crane Lifted off the ground, and so can move in any direction, including up and down.
Hand held Held by its operator, giving (often deliberate) shaky, erratic framing. To counter this in professional use, a Steadicam device can be used. For obvious reasons, use of the Steadicam is optional! (viz. The Blair Witch Project).

Reframing is where the camera remains with moving objects, keeping them in the frame. These objects (or object) are usually, of course, human characters.



Syllabus | Notes | Examinations | Papers | Bulletin Boards | Grades

All Rights Reserved 2001
Ateneo de Davao University
15 November 2001